Linux commands are the key to speeding up tasks and increasing productivity for Linux users. In this article, we will delve into important commands on the Linux command line, explaining each one and providing examples for clarity.

The cp (Copy) Command

The cp command is used to copy files or directories to another location. Here’s the basic usage:

cp source_file destination_directory/

For example:

cp file.txt /home/user/backups/

The mv (Move) Command

The mv command is used for moving or renaming files and directories. Here’s the basic usage:

mv old_name new_name

For example:

mv old_file.txt new_file.txt

The clear Command

The clear command clears the terminal window and provides a clean starting point.

The who Command

The who command lists users who have logged into the system.

The whoami Command

The whoami command displays the current username.

The tty Command

The tty command displays the current terminal.

The which Command

The which command shows the full path of a specific command.

The locate Command

The locate command is used for quickly finding files.

The pwd (Print Working Directory) Command

The pwd command displays the current working directory.

The date Command

The date command shows the system date and time.

The time Command

The time command measures the execution time of a specific command.

These commands are indispensable for beginners in the Linux world and mastering them will make your daily tasks much easier.


Linux commands are powerful tools that provide control over the operating system. This article serves as a fundamental reference for those new to learning Linux commands.